Vinyl, or sheet vinyl, is the traditional roll of vinyl that’s been in use for decades. It is loose layed and can be glued directly to the floor.
Vinyl Plank (or luxury vinyl plank, LVP) are planks that are completely glued to the floor. They can be replaced plank by plank if damage or excess wear develops in certain places.
Vinyl Hybrid, with its many different types, are planks with built-in own underlay which click in to each other.
All 3 options are waterproof, but each has its own benefits that lend themselves to different uses. Generally, the warranty is anywhere between 15 years to lifetime (but check with the manufacturer for your product).